Vegetable Varieties for Central Texas

Vegetable varieties as seed packets and transplantsChoose the Right Vegetable Varieties

Selecting the right variety is often an overlooked tool in successful vegetable gardening. Varieties selected for pest and disease resistance, heat and drought tolerance, and days to maturity are important considerations for any successful vegetable garden in the Austin area. (Download PDF Vegetable Varieties for Central Texas. Please note that due to size constraints, not all varieties listed on this website page occur on the pdf.)

Since microclimates and soils vary widely in Travis County, selecting varieties for your specific site may seem like a daunting task. We’re here to help. The varieties included here are recommendations from Texas A&M AgriLife Extension and the Travis County Master Gardener Vegetable Specialists based on research and personal experience. Check the Vegetable Seed Sources list for availability.

Direct Seed or Transplants?

It’s more economical to grow plants from seed. Since most vegetables sprout easily enough, it’s often the preferred way to grow them because they never have to experience transplanting shock.

The term “direct seed” means that you can plant the seeds directly into the soil without having to transplant.

The term “transplant” means that the seeds are grown indoors until they have true leaves and roots to withstand transplanting (sometimes 3 to 4 weeks.) Many plants are transplanted more than once, and this term is called “bumping up.”

Our recommendations for “transplants” are for those vegetables that require special handling at germination, mostly because of the germination temperature requirements. Broccoli is an example of a plant that requires cooler temperatures to germinate. Tomatoes, on the other hand, require warm temperatures to germinate, and do better when started indoors during early spring here in Central Texas. The other reason to recommend transplants is the number of days it takes to harvest. Central Texas has two very short growing seasons. A crop like Brussels Sprouts just doesn’t have enough time in their ideal growing temperatures to amount to anything unless started as a transplant.

The term “crowns” are used for asparagus because they are usually planted as dormant crowns in the garden.

Sweet Potatoes are planted as “slips”, which are vine cuttings from sprouted tubers. They may or may not have rootlets attached.

Heirloom or Hybrid?

You’ll see a lot of emphasis placed on “heirloom” varieties, but what does that actually mean?

Heirloom varieties are those whose seeds have been saved and passed along over time. Some definitions stipulate that the variety must be at least 50 years old. Other definitions include any seed produced by a parent that breeds “true-to-type”, meaning that pollination occurs between the same or genetically similar parents. These are also called “Open Pollinated.” All heirloom varieties are open-pollinated, but depending on the definition, not all open-pollinated plants are considered heirlooms.

Hybrids are created from the pollen of two different plant varieties. The first generation seeds are called “F1” and in seed catalogs it should include that following it’s name or in the description. Plant breeders cross plants to create more desirable characteristics such a nematode resistance, faster growth, or seedless varieties. Subsequent generations of seed however, if saved, will not all grow “true-to-type” when replanted the following season. It takes a while to develop new varieties that start out as hybrids because it requires multiple generations of seed saving to breed out the variability.

So which is better? The answer really depends on whether you want to save seed and what plant characteristics you are looking for.

Vegetable Variety Selector

Choose the vegetable for the recommended varieties:


Days to Harvest
ARTICHOKE (transplants) Green Globe Y >150
Imperial Star >100
ASPARAGUS (crowns) Jersey’ Series 3 years
Mary Washington Y 3 years
UC 157 3 years
Komatsuna 50
Mei Qing Choi 45
Mizuna 49
Tatsoi 45


Days to Harvest
BEANS, GREEN, Bush Contender Y 55
Derby 57
Dwarf Horticultural (pinto) 68
Maxibel 55
Provider 50
Roma II 53
BEANS, GREEN, Pole Blue Lake 75
Kentucky Wonder Y 65
Louisiana Purple Pod Y 75
McCaslan Y 61
Rattlesnake Y 65
BEANS, FAVA Broad Windsor Y 85
BEANS, LIMA, Bush Dixie Butterpea Y 76
Fordhook 242 72
Henderson Bush Y 65
Jackson Wonder Y 65
BEANS, LIMA, Pole Christmas Y 88
King of the Garden Y 85-90
Sieva or Carolina Y 75-80
BEETS Bull’s Blood Y 60
Chioggia Y 55
Cylindra Y 56
Detroit Dark Red Y 60
Golden 55
Red Ace 54
Ruby Queen 55
BROCCOLI (transplants) Arcadia 70
Belstar 75
Calabrese Y 57
Green Magic 60
Gypsy 58
BRUSSELS SPROUTS (transplants) Churchill 90
Long Island Improved Y 90


Days to Harvest
CABBAGE (transplants) Bilko (Chinese) 54
Early Jersey Wakefield Y 62
Famosa (savoy) 75
Farao 65
Katarina 50
Michihili (Chinese) 78
Red Express 63
Tendersweet 71
CARROTS Chantenay Red Core Y 65
Danvers 126 75
Little Finger Y 60
Mokum 54
Napoli 55
Scarlet Nantes 70
CAULIFLOWER (transplants) Amazing 68
Flame Star (orange) 62
Purple Moon (purple) 62
Snow Crown 50
Snowball Y 68
Veronica (green) 78
CELERY (transplants) Tango 80-85
Utah 52-70 90-100
CHARD, SWISS Bright Lights 60
Fordhook Y 55
Rhubarb Red Y 55
COLLARDS Champion 75
Flash 55
Georgia Southern Y 75
su=Normal Sugar
se=Sugar Enhanced
Ambrosia (se) 75
Country Gentleman (Shoepeg) Y 90
Kandy Korn (se) 89
Luscious (se) 75
Silver Queen (su) 90
Sugar Buns (se) 70
CUCUMBER, Pickling Calypso 53
Carolina 49
Eureka 56
Homemade Pickles 55-60
Parisian Pickling 50
CUCUMBER, Slicing Diva 58
Salad Bush 57
Spacemaster 55
Straight Eight 63
Suyo Long Y 61
Sweet Slice 62
Tasty Green 60


Days to Harvest
EGGPLANT (transplants) Black Beauty Y 90-100
Nadia 70
Ping Tung Long 70
Rosa Bianca 75-80


Days to Harvest
GARLIC California Early 8-9 months
Creole Red 8-9 months
Lorz Italian 8-9 months
GREENS, SPECIALTY Cool Season Arugula 40
Corn Salad/Mache 50
Radicchio Perseo 55
GREENS, SPECIALTY Warm Season Lambsquarter 40
Malabar Spinach 55
Molokhia 60
New Zealand Spinach 70
Vegetable Amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor) 50


Days to Harvest
KALE Dwarf Blue Curled Y 55
Red Russian Y 60
Scarlet Y 70
Toscano (Dinosaur Kale) Y 65
Winterbor 60
KOHLRABI Early Purple Vienna Y 55-60
Early White Vienna Y 55-60
Kolibri 48-50


Days to Harvest
LEEKS (transplants) Large American Flag Y 130
King Richard 75
LETTUCE, Leaf & Bibb Black Seeded Simpson Y 40
Buttercrunch 65
Lollo Rossa 53
New Red Fire 55
Salad Bowl Y 48
LETTUCE, Romaine Jericho 57
Parris Island Cos Y 70
Rouge d’Hiver Y 60
Winter Density 54


Days to Harvest
MELONS, Cantaloupe (muskmelon) Ambrosia 86
Hale’s Best Y 82
MELONS, Watermelon Black Diamond 90
Crimson Sweet 85
Jubilee 95
Charleston Gray 85
Moon and Stars Y 105
Sugar Baby Y 77
MELONS, Armenian Cucumbers Armenian Yard-Long 60-70
Striped Armenian 63
MUSTARD Osaka Purple Y 40
Red Giant Y 45
Southern Giant Y 60


Days to Harvest
OKRA Burgundy 60
Clemson Spineless Y 56
Emerald 58
Hill Country Red Y 65
Lee 54
ONION, Bulbing (transplants) 1015Y TX Supersweet 110
Candy 125
Southern Belle (Red) 110
White Bermuda 95
Yellow Granex 100
ONION, Green/Bunching Evergreen White 65
Multiplier Perennial


Days to Harvest
PEAS, GARDEN, English Little Marvel Y 62
Wando 68-70
PEAS, GARDEN, Snap Cascadia 58
Sugar Ann 55
Sugar Magnolia (vining) 70
Super Sugar Snap (vining) 60
PEAS, GARDEN, Snow Dwarf Grey Sugar Y 60
Oregon Sugar Pod 65
PEAS, SOUTHERN (COWPEA) California Blackeye #5 60
Mississippi Silver 65
Pinkeye Purple Hull 65
Zipper Cream 65-70
Yard Long/Asparagus Bean
Orient Wonder 70
Red Noodle Y 85
PEPPER (transplants), Hot Anaheim 75-80
Cayenne, Long Red Y 75-80
Habanero 75-90
Hungarian Wax 70
Poblano 75-80
Serrano 70
Tabasco Y 80
PEPPER (transplants), Jalapeño Garden Salsa 73
Jalafuego 70
TAM Mild 65-70
PEPPER (transplants), Sweet Big Bertha 70
Corno di toro 72
California Wonder 75
Carmen 75
Cubanelle 68
Gypsy 65
Marconi Y 80
Pimento L 78
Sweet Banana Y 65
POTATOES Kennebec (white) 75-100
Red LaSoda 75-100
Red Pontiac 70-100
Russet Norkotah 65-70
Yukon Gold 70-90
POTATOES, Fingerling Austrian Crescent Y 65-75
Russian Banana Y 65-75
POTATOES, SWEET (slips) Beauregard 120-140
Centennial 120-140
Georgia Jet 120-140
PUMPKIN Connecticut Field Y 105
Jack-B-Little 90
Orange Smoothie 90
Small Sugar Y 110


Days to Harvest
RADISH Champion 28
Watermelon Y 60
Easter Egg 30
French Breakfast Y 25
White Icicle Y 30
RADISH, Daikon Miyashige Y 50
Summer Cross 60


Days to Harvest
SPINACH Bloomsdale (savoy) Y 45
Regiment (savoy) 37
Space (smooth) 40
SQUASH, SUMMER, Patty Pan Benning’s Green Tint Y 55
Sunburst 52
White Bush Scallop Y 47
SQUASH, SUMMER, Yellow Butterstick 50
Dixie Crookneck Y 45-50
Multipik 50
Zephyr 54
SQUASH, SUMMER, Zucchini Black Beauty Y 45
Costata Romanesco Y 52
Eight Ball 40
Raven 48-50
Tatume Y 55-60
SQUASH, SUMMER, Green Vining Luffa Culinary Gourd (Luffa aegyptica or L. acutangular) 65
Tromboncino Y 60
SQUASH, WINTER Bon Bon Buttercup 95
Butterbaby 100
Carnival 95
Delicata Y 98
Small Wonder Spaghetti 80
Sunshine Kabocha 95
Table Queen Acorn 80
Sweet Dumpling 100
Waltham Butternut 95-100


Days to Harvest
TOMATOES (transplants), Standard
Big Beef (I) 73
Black Krim (I) Y 75
Celebrity (Semi-det.) 70
Cherokee Purple (I) Y 72
Early Girl (I) 57
Jaune Flammé (I) Y 70-85
Tycoon (D) 65-70
Stupice (I) Y 60-65
TOMATOES (transplants), Cherry
Black Cherry (I) 75
Juliet (I) 62
Sun Gold (I) 65
Sweet 100 (I) 60
Yellow Pear (I) Y 78
TOMATOES (transplants), Paste
Plum Regal (D) 72
Amish Paste (I) 80-85
Roma (D) 78
San Marzano (I) Y 78
TURNIPS Hakurei 38
Purple Top White Globe Y 55
Seven Top (greens only) Y 45
Tokyo Cross


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