February Gardening Checklist For Austin and Central Texas

February Gardening To-Dos

February Gardening to-dos, like pruning fruit treesGet ready to garden! Valentines Day marks the traditional start of spring gardening in Central Texas. There is still a freeze danger, so be prepared to cover any plants that you are moving outside this month. See below for other things that should be on your February gardening to-dos.

Your February Outdoor Gardening Checklist


Feed annual winter bloomers such as alyssum, dianthus, and especially pansies after Valentine’s Day. Use liquid fertilize on cool-season vegetables like leafy greens, brassicas, and onions if needed. Hold off fertilizing lawns until April. Avoid weed and feed products.


Water everything well before a freeze, but avoid overwatering. Water container plants as needed.


Move hardy seedlings outdoors late in the month but be ready to protect from freezing temperatures. Divide and transplant perennial herbs and summer and fall blooming perennial flowers. Give away extras to the neighbors! Plant summer bulbs like gladiolus late in the month. This is the last month to set out cool-season vegetables like cauliflower, broccoli, and cabbage. Plant seeds for beets, turnips, and carrots later in the month.


Add compost and/or fertilizer to ornamental beds according to the soil test results. Loosen the soil. Check winter mulch and replenish if needed. Stockpile leaves for mulch and composting throughout spring and summer.


If lawn has a history of brown patch problems, treat with a labeled fungicide late in the month. Repeat treatment in three or four weeks, if needed.


Spray fruit trees with horticulture grade dormant oil just prior to bud break. See the Homeowners Fruit and Nut Spray Schedule for more details. Avoid weed & feed products. Spot treat for weeds as they appear. Check for hanging bags of bark on other trees – it’s usually the first sign of potential bagworm problems. Snip out these pouches and destroy them. Check fruit trees and ornamental pears for blackened shoots that may indicate fireblight damage. Prune back to four inches into healthy tissue and discard the diseased plant material. Disinfect your pruners with alcohol. Wipe the blades with a coat of oil to prevent rust.


Prune roses after Valentine’s Day. Prune fruit trees after bud break. See the Earth-Kind® Landscaping Follow Proper Pruning Techniques guide. Cut back all perennial flowers and ornamental grasses. Cut perennials two to four inches above the ground. For grasses, but back to six to 10 inches. Prune summer blooming shrubs like oleander or vitex. Wait to prune spring blooming shrubs until after they bloom. Selective prune other woody shrubs and trees (except oaks) to maintain form and remove damaged branches or stems. Avoid pruning oaks from February 1 to June 30 to help stop the spread of Oak Wilt. Keep collecting leaves to use as mulch or to be added to compost later.


Hurry to plant sugar snap, snow, or English peas at the beginning of the month. They need 50 to 60 days to start producing before the warm weather settles in for good. Get your tomato cages ready, think about letting some brassica plants flower to attract beneficial insects, and if you’re growing your own tomato or pepper starts, it might be time to move them into a bigger container. Start exposing them to the outdoors on very mild days in well protected spots to get them ready for transplanting. See the full Vegetable Garden Planting Guide (Español, 繁体中文) and Vegetable Varieties for Central Texas. There is still time to plant onions. Fertilize onions 3-4 weeks after planting by sprinkling fertilizer along the outer edge of the row (called sidedressing,) about 6-8 inches from the plants, rake it into the soil then water in well. Use 1 cup of fertilizer for 20 feet of plants. Fertilize onions again when the bulbs begin to swell. Fertilizing onions can make a big difference. Every leaf on an onion plant corresponds to a ring so remember that it is important to grow leaves – the more leaves on the plant the more rings on the bulb. Make sure to water onions consistently.


Your February Indoor Gardening Checklist

Plants next to a window during winter

Check temperatures near windows to make sure plants don’t get too cold. Most don’t like temperatures below 50 degrees F.


A diluted liquid fertilizer can be applied if plant is showing signs of new foliar growth. Most plants spend their time growing roots during this time. Too much fertilizer during an inactive growth period could burn tender new roots. It’s best to wait until next month to start a regular fertilizer regime.


Plants may dry out more frequently during this time due to supplemental indoor heating. Monitor moisture levels in soil as It may be necessary to increase watering frequency.


Humidity levels may be low during February due to supplemental indoor heating. This is a good time to increase humidity around plants by adding pebble trays, humidifiers or by grouping plants together. Adding a hygrometer may be useful at this time as you can monitor relative humidity and ambient temperatures near houseplants.


Dust leaves to remove dust and debris and rotate plants to reduce leggy growth. Adding supplemental lighting like grow lights may be necessary during this time. Availability of natural indoor lighting is even lower during winter months and adding grow lights can help keep plants preforming at their best.


Inspect plants for pests and apply treatment if necessary. Thoroughly inspect the undersides of leaves as pests are frequently found there. Use a damp cloth if necessary to wipe away aphids and spider mites.


Remove dead or dying leaves and stems. Prune away leggy growth and propagate cuttings if possible  See all our houseplants tips here.

Daphne on CTG
As a contributor to Central Texas Gardener (CTG), Daphne Richards, County Extension Agent-Horticulture, answers questions and shares knowledge on new and tried & true plants for Central Texas.  Check out some of our favorites for February!

YouTubeLoquat tree damage|Daphne Richards|Central Texas Gardener
YouTubeWhen to fertilize|Daphne Richards|Central Texas Gardener 
YouTubeWhen to prune clumping grasses|Daphne Richards|Central Texas Gardener
YouTubeWhen prune roses|Daphne Richards|Central Texas Gardener


Get Growing!

Lewis Gannitt, American journalist and author said, “But each spring . . . a gardening instinct, sore as the sap rising in the trees, stirs within us. We look about and decide to tame another little bit of ground.” This handy reference will help you tame your own bits of ground and serve as a guide for what things to do in the garden each month: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, and December.

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